Emerging tech, including AI and Blockchain can bolster Sustainable Development Goals
Technology advances can drive large scale, sustainable change across industries and deliver the Sustainable Development Goals
Two-thirds of the 169 targets underpinning the global Sustainable Development Goals could be bolstered by technological innovation according to a new study by the World Economic Forum and PwC. The new study, Unlocking Technology for the Global Goals, analyses over 300 use cases of emerging technologies linked to the 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR) including Artificial Intelligence (AI), Blockchain, Internet of Things, 5G and drones to build the case of how advanced technologies could do more to accelerate progress towards the Global Goals. The study explores the extent to which the opportunity is being realised, the barriers and risks to scaling application and what needs to be done to unlock the enormous potential.
Emerging technologies have high impact potential
Overall new technologies have the potential for a ‘high’ impact across over half of the Goals. The study also finds that big data platforms and AI are already supporting progress towards each and every one of the Global Goals.Across the Global Goals, and their 169 targets, 70% of the targets could be enabled by new technology applications already in deployment. 4IR technology applications today were found to play an important role for 10 of the Global Goals.
Underlying barriers affect impact
The analysis shows that today’s applications of 4IR technologies related to the Global Goals is patchy and tends to be focused on areas with mature private sector commercial benefits, including energy, industry and healthcare.
Despite the rapid rise of new technologies being applied across many aspects of industry and commerce, the study finds underlying barriers, from lack of basic infrastructure, expertise, data, and adequate market incentives and business models, through to trust, performance and security concerns.
At a country level, the study demonstrates the strong relationship between countries’ ability to innovate and their progress on the Global Goals. A lack of social acceptance can also impact adoption rates of technology solutions. Trust and acceptance both of new technologies, and tech service providers, is also creating potential barriers and a specific challenge for engaging entrepreneurs, and investors for the Global Goals.
No time to waste
The report warns that the effective design, development and deployment at scale of technologies to enable the Global Goals is not without its risks. Given the risks, and barriers to scale, harnessing 4IR technologies successfully to meet the Global Goals will require multiple stakeholders working collaboratively across government, regulation, the tech industry, investors, academia and civil society.
With just ten years left to deliver the Global Goals, the study calls on technology sector executives and government leaders to act on the study’s blueprint for coordinating, mobilising and tracking commitments and action, around a collective mission to accelerate and realise technology’s potential to tackle the Global Goals.