The percentage of residents that are citizens of other countries living in Cyprus, both from EU member states and non-EU countries, is higher than 10%, putting the country in third place after Luxembourg and Malta, countries that have a high percentage of immigrants based on its population, according to a report released yesterday by Eurostat, the European Union’s statistical service.
However, Cyprus is one of a few countries where the percentage of residents who are citizens of another EU member state is higher than the percentage of residents from non-EU countries.
According to the data released, on 1 January 2021, 11% of the residents of Cyprus were citizens of other EU member states, while 8% of residents were citizens of non-EU countries.
Overall in the European Union, 5% of residents were citizens of a non-EU country, which in absolute numbers corresponded to 23.7 million people.
The average number of EU citizens living in EU member states while holding citizenship of other EU member states was 4%, which corresponds to a total of 13.7 million people.
The largest numbers of non-nationals living in the EU Member States were recorded in Germany (10.6 million people), Spain (5.4 million), France and Italy (both 5.2 million).
Non-nationals in these four Member States collectively represented 70.3% of the total number of non-nationals living in all EU Member States.
In relative terms, the EU Member State with the highest share of non-national citizens was Luxembourg (47% of its total population). Out of this percentage, 38% came from a member state and 9% from a non-EU country.
A high proportion of non-nationals was also observed in Malta (8% EU citizens, 12% non-EU citizens, 20% total), Cyprus (11% plus 8%, 19% total), Austria (9% plus 8%, 17% total), Estonia (2% plus 14%, 16% total), Latvia (0% plus 13%, 13% total), Ireland (7% plus 6%, 13% total), Germany (5% plus 7%, 12% total), Belgium (8% plus 4%, 12% total) and Spain (4% plus 8%, 12% total).
In contrast, non-nationals represented less than 1% of the population in Romania. This percentage was around 1% in Poland, Slovakia and Bulgaria, 2% in Hungary and 3% in Croatia and Lithuania.
In most EU Member States, the majority of non-nationals were citizens of non-EU countries. Only in Luxembourg, Cyprus, Austria, Belgium, Ireland, the Netherlands and Slovakia were non-nationals mainly citizens of another EU Member State.
Romanian, Polish, Italian and Portuguese citizens were the four main groups of EU citizens living in other EU Member States on 1 January 2021.